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Diabetes and Diet
By Dr. Radha Unnikrishnan| 0 Comments

World Health Organization (WHO) and International Diabetic Federation (IDF) celebrates November 14 every year as World Diabetes Day (WDD) in memory of Dr Banting , co discoverer of Insulin. The theme of WDD from 2014 to 2016 has been marked as Healthy living and Diabetes. In 2015 the focus is on healthy eating as a key factor in the fight against Diabetes.

The advantages  of healthy  eating  are:

Reduces obesity  and prevents or delays onset of Diabetes.

Effectively manages Diabetes and prevents onset of complications.

Many research  studies have been done over the years to find out what is the best diet for a Diabetic and what is the effect of each meal on our blood sugar levels and its control. Of these, one landmark study done in 2014 has proved that a High energy Breakfast with a low energy dinner  helps to reduce the post meal rise of blood sugar levels. This in turn decreases the HBa1c levels (an indicator of overall blood sugar levels in our body), obesity and brings down the cardiac risks associated with diabetes. A high carbohydrate and high protein breakfast causes an increased release of our gut hormones (such as Glucagon  like peptide-1) and Insulin. These bring down blood sugar levels throughout the day. On the contrary, a high carbohydrate (high energy) dinner reverses the picture and causes increase in the blood sugars levels. Thus a good well balanced breakfast with proportionate quantities  of carbohydrates, fats and protein stabilizes the sugar levels throughout  the day.

Diabetologist suggests diabetic person is therefore advised to follow a Diabetic meal  plan. A Diabetic meal plan matches calories from carbohydrate, fat and protein with your body activity and insulin levels. A typical diabetes meal plan should receive 50-60% of daily calorie  requirement  from carbohydrate, 15% from protein and reminder from fat.

Keys to healthy eating are:

Eat a variety  of foods.

Maintain  a healthy  weight.

Choose a diet low in fat (saturated fats and cholesterol).

Increase fibre food (Dietary fibre is found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains cereals)

Control sugar consumption.

Use salt in moderation.

Drink alcohol only in moderation.

Thus the old idiom; Breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dinner like a pauper stands good even now



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