Blog

2016
Jan-29
Diet In Hyperthyroidism
By Ms. Hannah Sheila Mathison| 0 Comments

Patients living with hyperthyroidism should be wary of what they eat. Diet goes a long way in the functioning of the thyroid gland.
The main goal is to follow a balanced diet which includes all the food groups in its required and recommended quantities. This ensures a good quality diet.

Iodine is well known for its role in thyroid disorders. Some expectorants, radiographic contrast dyes, seaweed tablets, and health food supplements contain excess amounts of iodide and should be avoided because iodide interferes with or complicates the management of antithyroid and radioactive iodine therapies. Avoid using iodized salt; use rock salt instead. Spirulina has bioavailable iodine (enables the body to use it), which helps the thyroid gland functioning.Selenium is a mineral whose role in thyroid function has been established with solid evidence. The thyroid is the organ with the highest selenium content per gram of tissue. Selenium rich diet can play an important role in various thyroid disorders. It is easily absorbed from food.

The best source of selenium is Brazil nuts. Other sources include Wheat germ (sprouted wheat, butter, garlic, grains, sunflower seeds, walnuts, raisins, organ meats (liver, kidney), shellfishes, mushrooms, fresh – water and salt – water fishes etc. Selenium content of foods can vary considerably depending on the selenium content of the soil where the animal was raised or the plant was grown. This mineral is also an antioxidant.The cruciferous vegetables can be included in the diet. These include cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale etc. Make sure you add pure turmeric while cooking these foods.

L- carnitine has been shown to decrease thyroid activity and may help in hyperthyroid patients. It is commonly found in animal products – fish, meat, poultry and milk (whey). Ensure the source is organic.Ashwagandha is herb commonly used in many ayurvedic preparations. It is also known as Withaniasomnifera. There is evidence to show that aswagandha may have stimulating effects on the thyroid gland. It is better avoided in hyperthyroid patients.
Omega-3 fatty acids, alphalipoic acid (more bioavailable when in free form through dietary supplements), vitamin D and other antioxidants are beneficial in hyperthyroid patients. Salmon is a good source of vitamin D as well as calcium and is also rich in omega – 3 fatty acids. Vitamin D can also be obtained from eggs (use country fowl eggs) and mushrooms. Walnuts, olive oil and flaxseed oil are also good sources of omega – 3’s.Pure or virgin Coconut oil, Gingelly oil, Organic or Desi ghee can be used as the fat source. Do not exceed the recommended allowances though. These suit the Indian cuisine better. Diabetologist recommends to avoid all processed foods; use only organic and fresh food sources. This goes a long way in helping the body function well.

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