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Get to know your thyroid!
By Dr. Tom Babu| 0 Comments

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland, located in front of your neck. Its main job is to produce thyroid hormone ,commonly referred to as T3 and T4.These hormones have a wide variety of functions and play important roles in almost all bodily functions.t is estimated that around 4.2 crore Indians suffer from thyroid disorders and 90% remain undiagnosed. This is usually because symptoms of thyroid disorders are easily mistaken for other disorders and sadly, many cases get wrongly diagnosed. Broadly speaking the thyroid gland can go into overdrive, called hyperthyroidism; or it could stay in a state of under activity, called hypothyroidism. Both conditions are beset with their own set of problems.-10% of general population and 20% of women under 60 years may have hypothyroidism. Some of the more common features of hypothyroidism include depression, unexplained weight gain, tiredness, weight loss, dry skin, irregular menstrual cycles and infertility. Hyperthyroidism should be suspected when patients present with symptoms such as weight loss, excessive sweating, increased bowel movements, tremors in the hands, rapid heart rate and moist warm palms.
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy can cause plenty of avoidable misery. It can cause upto 15-20% cases of pregnancy loss in the first three months of pregnancy. Hypothyroidism in the mother is the most common cause of preventable mental retardation in the offspring.The key in winning the battle against thyroid disorders is greater awareness. Most thyroid problems can be treated without much difficulty.The true challenge is bringing these symptoms to the notice of your doctor and getting a correct diagnosis. Consult your doctor if you experience any symptom(s). If diagnosed, take your medication as directed by doctor. Do not skip your medicine. Do not change the brand or dose of your thyroid medication without consulting your doctor. If symptoms persist or return, tell your doctor.Never hesitate to ask questions to your doctor. Observe good healthy practices; eat right and exercise. Bring your medications with you when you see your doctor. Everybody deserves to lead fruitful, productive lives. Lets start now.


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