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Micronutrients and Diabetes
By Ms. Hannah Sheila Mathison, M.Sc. Foods & Nutrition| 5 Comments

Diabetes can result in changes in certain micronutrients. Due to high level of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation of the blood vessels, there may be a greater need for micronutrients where a diabetic disorder exists. A deficient supply of nutrients can worsen the condition. Targeted consumption of micronutrients can help improve metabolic control, optimize treatment and reduce the risk of developing diabetic complications.

Micronutrients are essential nutrients that are required by the body in trace amounts or tiny quantities on a day-to-day basis in order to function properly. One class of micronutrients includes Trace Elements. 

Trace Elements
The trace element is a dietary mineral that is needed for the proper growth, development and physiology of the organism. Alterations in the status of trace elements could stem from chronic uncontrolled hyperglycaemia. 

Chromium is required for normal carbohydrate metabolism and as a critical cofactor for Insulin action and is a component of the Glucose Tolerance Factor (GTF), which plays a role in glucose homeostasis.

Cobalt Chloride
Hyperglycaemia is associated with excessive free radical generation and oxidant stress and reduction in the antioxidant status. Studies have found that the glycemia – lowering effect of Cobalt chloride decreased the systemic glucose production, increased tissue glucose uptake or made a combination of the two mechanisms.

Copper deficiency results in glucose intolerance, decreased insulin response, and increased glucose response. It is associated with hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis. Copper possesses an insulin-like activity.

Iodine is absolutely vital for proper thyroid function. Thyroid hormone controls insulin secretion. Insulin imbalance is closely associated with thyroid dysfunction. 

Selenium with its antioxidant properties prevents the development of complications in diabetic patients. Selenate, an inorganic form of Selenium, mimics insulin activity.

Manganese helps in glucose metabolism and is required for normal synthesis and secretion of insulin. Manganese activated enzymes play important roles in the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids and cholesterol. 

Zinc plays an important role in glucose metabolism. It helps in utilization of glucose by muscle and fat cells. It is required for insulin storage. Low zinc has been seen to lead to poor or slowed wound healing, which is common in diabetics. 

Vanadium acts primarily as an insulin mimetic agent. It has been found to increase insulin sensitivity, glucose oxidation and glycogen synthesis, and suppress hepatic glucose output.

Being the leading diabetes hospital in Kerala, Silverline is always committed to educate people with diabetes. So kindly share this useful information to the people with diabetes and educate them about the importance of acquiring daily vitamin and mineral requirements from natural food sources.



Posted by Meena Viswanathan on April  Thu, 2017, 08:21 AM

Informative and useful. Is it possible to meet the nutritionist at the hospital? Kindly advise.

Posted by Meena Viswanathan on April  Thu, 2017, 08:24 AM


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