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Hypertension

Introduction
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Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the most common chronic lifestyle disorder. It is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. It is one of the most common cause of stroke, heart attack, myocardial infarction, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, kidney failure, dementia and premature death. Untreated hypertension leads to a progressive increase in blood pressure which may lead to resistant hypertension ending in target organ damage. Usually, there are no symptoms for high blood pressure, but if it gets too high may result in heart failure or strole. A number of risk factors  can put you at a higher risk of developing hypertension and it can be in the form of your unhealthy lifestyles such as


• Lack of physical activity
• An unhealthy diet which includes a high intake of salt
• Obesity
• Drinking too much alcohol
• Smoking habits
• Stress


There are some other common unmodifiable risk factors that can increase your blood pressure. They include
• Age
• Family history
• Gender
• Race
• Presence of comorbities like Coarctation, Chronic Kidney disease


You can control your high blood pressure by adopting a healthy lifestyle practices like regular exercise, maintaining appropriate body weight, DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, moderation in alcohol intake and smoking cessation.  Medications for treating hypertension should be implemented by a step up approach when target levels are not achieved.

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