The thyroid gland is situated at the front of the child’s neck, below the Adam's apple. It is responsible for controlling a host of metabolic processes in the body. The thyroid gland is important for the growth and the overall development of your child’s health. When the thyroid gland generates excess thyroid hormone it is called hyperthyroidism and the deficient production of thyroid hormones is called hypothyroidism.
Congenital hypothyroidism is a thyroid disease in infants that has the capability to cause intellectual impairment, psychomotor delay and short stature. The greater the delay in diagnosis and treatment, the worser will be the impairement. Congenital hypothyroidism may be caused due to- deficient thyroid hormone production, absent thyroid gland, pituitary gland abnormality and iodine deficiency. For detecting such disorders, screening is necessary in all newborns and treating as early as possible is of prime importance. Endocrinologists play a vital role in diagnosing the cause of hypothyroidism because there are several syndromes associated with this disorder. Regular follow up and screening for other organ system involvement is necessary for normal development of child. Parental involvement is crucial for getting the right treatment for thyroid disorders in children and juveniles. They will need to oversee the consumption of medicines on a regular basis and need to wisely monitor the progress of their children. In short, when children are treated early for thyroid disorders with a proper regular monitoring, they will definitely develop and grow normally